European Regional Development Fund
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Ecosystem-based coastal management is another term for nature-based or soft solutions to flooding and erosion.


Cost-effective: this means the methods were productive in relation to their cost. In other words, they presented good value 


Stakeholder(s): this term refers to any party (be it an organisation, company, government) who has something to benefit from the project. 

Nature-based coastal management

Nature-based coastal management refers to policies that employ the natural qualities of landscapes and ecosystems within measures against flooding and erosion. As such measures require less human intervention in landscapes, they are also called ‘soft’ solutions. 

Hard engineering interventions

‘Hard’ engineering interventions rely on man-made structures such as concrete seawalls as the primary policy against flooding.